What is heritage?

    Heritage consists of the places and objects that we have inherited from the past and want to pass on to future generations. It defines us as a community: who we are and where we have come from. In other words it is the things we want to keep. These things can include landmarks, buildings and contents, spaces, views, objects and the stories associated with them.

    Why is heritage important?

    Heritage is important in understanding the story of our community – its history, identity and its people. It reflects our values and promotes a sense of identity and pride. Protecting and promoting heritage can also provide environmental, social and economic benefits for the community.

    Local government, property owners and members of the community all have a role to play in ensuring that the valuable asset of our heritage is recognised, protected, respected and promoted.

    What role does local government play in managing heritage?

    Local governments play an important role in managing local heritage. This includes: 

    • identifying heritage places in its Local Heritage Survey
    • increasing awareness and appreciation of the area’s local history and heritage
    • protecting heritage places considered worthy of built heritage conservation through statutory mechanisms
    • ensuring that the conservation and enhancement of heritage places is considered in the assessment of development applications
    • facilitating and encouraging the conservation and enhancement of heritage places by implementing heritage incentive programs and assistance measures.

    Where can I find out more about heritage in the City of Subiaco?

    The City’s website, at www.subiaco.wa.gov.au/builtheritage contains a range of information relating to heritage.

    What is included on a Local Heritage Survey (LHS)?

    Places assessed as having cultural heritage significance are included on the LHS. Places can be individual buildings, groups of buildings, streetscapes, gardens, manmade parks, trees and archaeological remains.

    What is a Local Heritage Survey (LHS)?

    The LHS is an information resource that identifies places in the local district that are or may become of cultural heritage significance. The LHS provides the City with a cultural and historical record of the area and tells the story of the development of the district.

    It is not an instrument for development control so there are no statutory implications for property owners. Owners are still free to develop their properties in accordance with the local planning framework.

    The Heritage Act 2018 (the Act) requires local governments to prepare a LHS and defines the purpose of an LHS as:

    1. Identifying and recording places that are, or may become, of cultural heritage significance in its district; and 
    2. Assisting the local government in making and implementing decisions that are in harmony with cultural heritage values; and 
    3. Providing a cultural and historical record of its district; and 
    4. Providing an accessible public record of places of cultural heritage significance to its district; and 
    5. Assisting the local government in preparing a heritage list or list of heritage areas under a local planning scheme.

    Why is the LHS being reviewed?

    The Heritage Act 2018 requires local governments to prepare and regularly review the LHS. The last time the City reviewed the LHS was in 2002. 

    Why are we only reviewing the LHS in the Triangle Precinct?

    The Guidelines for Local Heritage Surveys published under section 105 of the Heritage Act 2018 allows for minor and/or area specific reviews of the LHS. Council has chosen a precinct by precinct approach to review the LHS starting with the Triangle Precinct in 2020.  

    What are the criteria for inclusion and exclusion from the LHS?

    Cultural heritage significance is assessed on the aesthetic, historic, social and scientific values of a place. A place or area is considered to be of cultural heritage significance if it meets one or more of these criteria. For further information on the criteria used for assessing heritage significance view the fact sheet Criteria for the Assessment of Cultural Heritage Significance.

    The City has commissioned a suitably qualified and experienced heritage professional to undertake the assessment of places.

    Who makes the final decision on which properties are included on the LHS?

    The final determination on the content of the LHS lies with Council. All relevant information and submissions will be presented to Council for consideration.

    What is the difference between a LHS and a legally binding Heritage Listing (Heritage List or Heritage Area designation)?

    The LHS is a record of places of cultural heritage significance and tells the important story of the development of the district. It is not an instrument for development control so there are no binding statutory implications for owners who are free to develop their properties in accordance with the local planning framework provisions that apply to all properties in the City.

Local Heritage Survey

    What are the criteria for inclusion on and exclusion from the LHS?

    Cultural heritage significance is assessed on the aesthetic, historic, social and scientific values of a place. A place or area is considered to be of cultural heritage significance if it meets one or more of these criteria. For further information on the criteria used for assessing heritage significance view the information sheet Criteria for the Assessment of Cultural Heritage Significance.

    The City has commissioned a suitably qualified and experienced heritage professional to undertake the assessment of places.

    Who makes the final decision on which properties are included on the LHS?

    The final determination on the content of the LHS lies with Council. All relevant information and submissions will be presented to Council for consideration.

    What is the difference between a LHS and a legally binding Heritage Listing (Heritage List or Heritage Area designation)?

    The LHS is a record of places of cultural heritage significance and tells the important story of the development of the district. It is not an instrument for development control so there are no binding statutory implications for owners who are free to develop their properties in accordance with the local planning framework provisions that apply to all properties in the City.

    As outlined in the information sheet - Types of Heritage Listing in the Document Library, the Heritage List and designated Heritage Areas are different as they form part of the Local Planning Scheme. Properties included on the Heritage List are properties of a level of cultural heritage significance that Council considers worthy of some protection. Heritage Areas designated under the Local Planning Scheme are areas which Council considers require special planning controls to conserve and enhance their cultural heritage significance and character.

    What is the relationship between the LHS and the Heritage List? Does being on the LHS increase the likelihood of the property being included on the Heritage List?

    One of the functions of the LHS is to help inform the preparation of a Heritage List under the Local Planning Scheme. However inclusion on the LHS does not necessarily mean the place will be considered for inclusion on the Heritage List. 

    To be considered for inclusion on the Heritage List a place must be of a level of cultural heritage significance to be deemed by Council as worthy of built heritage conservation. Generally this only applies to individual places that are identified as having either exceptional (level 1) or considerable significance (level 2) to the City. Places identified as being of some significance (level 3) are only referred to Council for consideration for inclusion in the Heritage List upon the receipt of a written request from the owner of that property.

    Consideration for inclusion on the Heritage List is a separate process to the LHS and is undertaken in consultation with the property owner.


    If a heritage area is included on the Local Heritage Survey does this mean it will be designated as a heritage area under the Local Planning Scheme?

    Heritage areas designated under the Local Planning Scheme are areas that, in the opinion of Council, require special planning controls to conserve and enhance their cultural heritage significance and character. If a heritage area is included on the LHS it does not necessarily mean that it will be considered by Council as requiring special planning controls. The relationship between the LHS and Heritage Areas designated under the Local Planning Scheme is outlined in the flowchart below.

    The process for considering the designation of Heritage Areas is a separate process to the LHS and is undertaken in close consultation with affected property owners and residents.

    What implications are there for my property being on the LHS?

    The LHS is not legally binding so there are no implications for properties included on the LHS.

    Does being on the LHS have any implications for developing or renovating a property?

    No. The LHS is a record of the development of the district and an information only resource. Inclusion on the LHS has no implications for the development of a property over and above the requirements that are already in place as part of the City’s local planning framework.

    How does being on the LHS impact on my property value?

    Because inclusion on the LHS has no implications on what you can do to your property it should not affect your property’s value. Like any property, its value will be affected by a range of factors including size, location, trends in the real estate market cycle and the quality and maintenance of the property.

    Does inclusion on the LHS affect ownership or access?

    No, the LHS does not affect ownership or access. Places remain the sole property of the owner, and the owner's rights remain the same as with places that are not on the LHS.

    What are the advantages to being on the LHS?

    As part of the process of including a place on the LHS the history of each place is carefully researched. You may find out some interesting things about your property should it be included.

    What are the disadvantages to being on the LHS?

    Because information in the LHS can be used to inform the development of the Heritage List and the designation of Heritage Areas under the Local Planning Scheme, inclusion on the LHS could be perceived as the first step towards a legally binding heritage listing resulting in greater development controls to property owners

    What incentives and assistance measures does the City provide to owners of heritage listed properties?

    The City is committed to assisting owners to conserve heritage places wherever possible and has developed a range of assistance measures. Owners of places on the Heritage List or located within a heritage area designated under the Local Planning Scheme are eligible for a range of heritage incentives offered by the City including:

    • grant funding for conservation works
    • complimentary expert heritage advice and guidance from the City’s panel of heritage advisors
    • waiving of planning (development) application fees
    • planning incentives in the form of variations to any requirement of the Local Planning Scheme and Residential Design Codes. 

    How do I know whether or not my property is on the existing LHS?

    If your property is on the existing LHS you will have been notified of the review in writing and invited to participate in the re-assessment of your property. You can contact the City’s Planning Services on 9237 9222 for more information.

    Do properties that are already on the LHS automatically stay on the LHS?

    As part of the review process places on the current LHS have been re-assessed to consider changes that may have occurred over time. Depending on the outcomes of the assessment a recommendation has been made as to whether the place stays on LHS, is removed from the LHS or whether its level of significance should be amended. 

     Overall, 185 individual places and four heritage areas are proposed to be included in the draft LHS for the Triangle Precinct. This includes 152 places from the current LHS (15 of which are on the Heritage List), four heritage areas (all of which are designated under the Local Planning Scheme) and 33 new places. Two places are proposed to be removed from the LHS as they have been demolished.

    If my property is already on the LHS, can I have it removed?

    The decision as to whether to remove or include a place on the LHS is a decision of Council. As part of the review process you will be invited to make a submission on the reviewed LHS. All relevant information and submissions will be presented to Council for consideration.

    Can I nominate my property to be on the LHS?

    Yes you can. The City welcomes and encourages nominations from property owners.

    Can I nominate someone else's property to be on the LHS?

    Yes. If you nominate someone else's property, the City will contact the property owner to ask if they would like their property to be considered for inclusion on the LHS.

    If my property is already on the LHS do I need to re-nominate?

    If your property is already on the LHS you do not need to nominate it.

    If someone else nominates my property, will I be informed? Can I reject the nomination?

    If your property is nominated you will be contacted to advise you of the nomination and asked if you would like your property included on the Local Heritage Survey.

    How do I nominate a place for inclusion on the LHS?

    Nominations can be made through completing the online nomination form on this page. Alternatively nominations can be submitted by mail, by hand or by email to city@subiaco.wa.gov.au.

    Where can I get more information about the review of the LHS of the Triangle Precinct?

    The City’s heritage officer is available during office hours to answer any questions. Residents can either phone in and/or arrange a meeting. For further information you can: